Animal Science is the study of animals and animal products. The Animal Science discipline includes education and experience about the technology of breeding, feeding, producing, managing and marketing animals as well as animal products. This includes all husbandry facets of livestock species (cattle, sheep, goats, poultry, ostriches and horses) and the products derived from them (meat, milk & dairy products, wool, mohair, eggs, skin & leather and feathers) as well as relevant aspects of aquatic (fish, etc.) and wildlife species.
BS in Animal Sciences
Since the emergence of changing demand and perception of modern society, the relationships between human beings and animals have been an integral part of our history, economy and culture. Animals provide us with food, clothing, recreation and companionship. We need high quality animal science to help in meeting the rising demand for livestock products in an environmentally and socially responsible way. Global demand for livestock products is expected to double during the first half of this century, because of the growing human population, and its growing affluence. Over the same period, we expect big changes in the climate globally. The dramatic expansion of crop production for biofuels is already affecting the resources available globally for food production, and hence on food supply and cost. As a result, food security is re-emerging as an important issue in many developed countries that had come to regard it as ‘solved’. These interconnected issues are creating immense pressure on the planet’s resources. Animal Science can make a significant local and global contribution in this area. As we depend on livestock as a major source of food (or other goods and services), we must maintain capacity in the key scientific disciplines represented by animal science to meet these future challenges.
Animal production is one the major sectors in agriculture of Pakistan and contributes substantially to the economy of the country. Livestock contributed approximately 58.3 percent to the agriculture value added and 11.4 percent to the overall GDP during 2016-17. Gross value addition of livestock is Rs. 1333 billion. Livestock has an important and crucial role in rural economy and rural socio economic development. Nearly 8 million families are involved in livestock raising deriving more than 35 percent income from livestock production activities. It is central to the livelihood of the rural poor in the country. It is a source of cash income, providing a vital and often the only source of income for the rural and most marginal people. It can play an important role in poverty alleviation and foreign exchange earnings for the country.
Animal Science is concerned with the science and business of producing domestic livestock species, including but not limited to beef cattle, dairy cattle, horses, poultry, sheep, and goat. There are four core subjects of Animal Sciences i-e., Animal Breeding & Genetics, Animal Nutrition, Livestock Management and Poultry Science with some knowledge of health and disease prevention. Whereas, Veterinary Sciences are mainly concerned with diagnosis, treatment and surgery of animals with basic information on production and management. Nevertheless, both disciplines complement each other in the service of humanity.
Animal Sciences program prepares graduates for career in a broad range of professions working with animals and animal-related industries. These include but not limited to teaching, research, extension services, consultancy, government advisory or regulatory roles, livestock trading and international animal agriculture. Animal Sciences graduates can get placement as managers at dairy, beef, sheep, goat, poultry, camel and ostrich farms. The graduates can also be employed as sales/marketing managers for hatcheries, breeding organizations, veterinary pharmaceuticals companies, feed and food processing industries. Newly emerging milk and meat processing units, semen production units have openings for Animal Sciences graduates. There is increasing demand for managers of large production operations and technical positions in areas such as nutrition, animal breeding, research, management, sales and consultancy in commercial companies. Examples of possible careers are listed in an appendix.
Animal scientists work in all parts of the world – from the plains and jungles of Africa to the research laboratories of the world’s foremost universities; with all types of animals from the smallest pets to the largest farm animals, horses or wild animals in a wide range of disciplines including nutrition, reproduction, genetics, welfare, behavior, processing and animal products technology. The United States Department of Agriculture estimates an annual shortage of 4,000 college graduates for some 48,000 agriculture related jobs during the 21st century. Areas related to Animal Science are ranked high among these employment opportunities.
We have a strong and dedicated faculty along with excellent classrooms, animal farms, research laboratories and advising experiences for students. The degree provides a broad foundation in biological sciences and instruction in basic sciences, research skills, welfare, behavior, nutrition, genetics and breeding of animals, including farm animals, pets and performance animals. The program also includes a component in practical skills such as animal handling and the development of lifelong learning skills, critical thinking and effective communication with scientists and lay people involved with animals. Our faculty is particularly useful in providing guidance in the selection of an area of emphasis and appropriate skills consistent with the student’s career goals.
NIU’s BS Animal Sciences program is designed so that students from all backgrounds can excel even with a little or no interaction with animals. Students with an interest in chemistry, biology, and other sciences are especially relevant to the animal science field. The science-based curriculum at NIU is excellently planned and organized to train students with required expertise of Animal Sciences.
There are four core subjects of Animal Sciences i-e., Animal Breeding & Genetics, Animal Nutrition, Livestock Management and Poultry Science.
Yes, students are encouraged to participate in internships, practical and independent studies. Students may find internship possibilities through their own research and connections; or by NIU advising and career network. NIU also offers workshops that disseminates information on available internship opportunities and how to apply.
- Animal Behaviorist
- Animal Care Specialist
- Animal Economist
- Animal Health Products Salesperson
- Animal Nutritionist/ Nutrition Specialist
- Animal Physiologist
- Animal Sales
- Animal Welfare Specialist
- Artificial Insemination Technician
- Breed Analyst
- Breed Association Sales/Promotion
- Companion Animal Breeder
- Companion Animal Store Manager
- Companion Animal Therapy Specialist
- Dairy Unit Herdsman/Manager
- Embryo Transfer Technician
- Equine Farm Manager
- Equine Breeder/Trainer/Groomer
- Equitation Instructor
- Equine Supply Sales & Distribution
- Equipment Dealer
- Equipment Engineer
- Equipment Sales Representative
- Extension Educator/Specialist
- Farm Building Salesman
- Farm/Cooperative Manager
- Farm News/Magazine Journalist
- Farm Supply Representative
- Feed Broker
- Feed Inspector
- Feed Plant Manager
- Feed Processing Engineer
- Feed/grain Merchandizer/Consultant
- Feed Science Technologist
- Food Processing Manager
- Food Product Development/Researcher
- Forage Specialist
- Government Administrator
- Herd Manager
- International Trade Specialist
- Laboratory Animal Technician/Manager
- Livestock Buyer
- Livestock Equipment Salesperson
- Livestock Feedlot Operator
- Livestock Production Manager
- Meat Packing/Processing Specialist
- Meat/Milk/Feed Testing Service
- Pet Shop Owner/Manager/Technician
- Pharmaceutical Sales/Service
- Poultry Scientist
- Poultry Unit Manager
- Public Relations Specialist
- Quality Assurance Specialist
- Ranch Manager
- Reproductive Physiologist
- Research Farm Manager
- Research Specialist/Technician
- Technical Sales/ Services Representative
- Therapeutic Animal Trainer/Instructor
- Veterinary Supply
- University Professor
- Zoo Animal Specialist